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98 Real Estate Group
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Cape San Blas Inn
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Captain's Cove Marina
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Century 21/Collins Realty, Inc.
Charisma Charters
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F&B Builders, Inc.
Family Life Church
First Baptist Church of Mexico Beach
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First Prebyterian Church of Port St. Joe
Florida Catfish Classic Tournaments
Florida Rural Broadband Alliance, LLC
Florida Scallop & Music Festival
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Happy Ours Kayak & Bike Outpost
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High Cotton Affairs
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Indian Pass Raw Bar
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Joe Mama's Wood Fired Pizza
Johnene Marcum, CPA
Joyce Estes, Artist
Kid's Stuff Service
L.L. Lanier & Sons
Lady J Charters
LaPrades Marina at Lake Burton
Lighthouse Utilities
Liquid Addiction Charters
Long Avenue Baptist Church
Marquardt Realty, Inc.
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Mexico Beach Artificial Reef Association
Mexico Beach Charters
Mexico Beach Harmon Realty, Inc.
Mexico Beach Marina
Mexico Beach Offshore Classic Fishing Tournament
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Miss Mary
My Key Photography
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Natural Element, Inc.
No Worries Vacation Rentals
North Light Challenge Fishing Tournament
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Ocheesee Creamery
Old Saltworks Cabins
Opportunity Florida
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Scipio Creek Marina
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The Wharf Boat & Yacht Show
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Tiki Palms Inn
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Turtle Beach Inn
Ulrich Construction
United Way of Northwest FL, Inc.
Ward's Lawn Care & Pressure Washing
Whispering Pines of Cape San Blas
Windward Sailing Charters
Zach Ferrell
George L. Chapel
Apalachicola Historical Society, Inc.
P.O. Box 75
Apalachicola, Florida 32329

Reprinted by Permission

Chapter 1 - The Indians
Chapter 2 - The Spanish
Chapter 3 - The English
Chapter 4 - Scottish Traders
Chapter 5 - The United States
Chapter 6 - The Settlements
Chapter 7 - Apalachicola
Chapter 8 - The Civil War
Chapter 9 - Cypress
Chapter 10 - World War II
Chapter 11 - Seafood
Selected Bibliography
Chapter 2 - The Spanish

In 1607 several Apalachee Indians sought help from Spanish missionaries, but 25 years were to pass before the Franciscan chain of missions would be constructed. The Spanish mission period began in 1633 when the first priests reached the Apalachee. Spanish documents of 1655 and 1675 record that there were between nine and eleven missions in Apalachee country. These missions stretched in a line from St Augustine (1565) on the Atlantic Coast to St. Louis, near the present city of Tallahassee. The missions were built twenty miles apart or one day's ride by horse. St. Louis, or San Luis, was the administrative center for a number of smaller missions built westward toward the Apalachicola River. The chain of missions crossed the Apalachicola River near Bloody Bluff and went on to Port St. Joe. It must be kept in mind that the entire Spanish Empire was laid out on a military pattern. The Castle of San Marco at St. Augustine and the Moro Castle at Havana, Cuba, protected on two sides the Straits of Florida. Through this passage travelled the annual treasure fleet from the New World with gold from Colombia and silver from Potosi, Bolivia. The area around St. Augustine was expected to act as a granary for the city and castle in the manner of a Castilian armed city. The missions were a buffer zone or area of "pacification," both to serve as an extension of the granary and as an early warning system of any dangers from the English operating out of Charleston, S.C. (1670-1672) or Georgia. The fort at St. Marks, Florida (1677), was intended to protect the mission chain from attacks by sea. This military arrangement had emerged not only from the victory by the Christian Spanish over the Moors in 1492, but also because it was Queen Isabella of an autocratic and militaristic Castile and not King Ferdinand of an easy-going Aragon who had financed Christopher Columbus. The Spanish Empire was a Castilian Empire and tightly administered.

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